Trips Agreement Bluebook Citation
Uruguay Round Agreement Guide (K4603 1987 . W67 1999), published by the WTO secretariat, provides a detailed explanation of the legal importance of Uruguay`s round of negotiation agreements. Online documents on the WTO website contain links to WTO legal texts and official documents (including the texts of WTO agreements) as well as on GATT documents. Petros Mavroidis, Trade in Goods: The GATT and the Other WTO Agreements Regulating Trade in Goods, 2d ed. (TRLN Shared Print K4600 . M393 2012 and online) provides historical and economic justification for the development of the multilateral trading system, while providing an analysis of WTO jurisprudence and product trade. Jeanne Rehberg, WTO/GATT Research provides sources of research within the WTO/GATT, with quotes and descriptions. The final act on the outcomes of the Uruguay Round multilateral trade agreements consists of the final act itself, the WTO agreement (“WTO agreement”) and the agreements attached to it, as well as additional GATT agreements, decisions and declarations. The text can be found in various sources: 1867 U.N.T.S. 3, 33 I.L.M 9 (1994) (December 1993) and 33 I.M 1143 (April 1994) (April 1994), The Final Act Embodying the Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations (K4603 1987).
A3 1994), The Legal Texts: The Results of the Uruguay Round of Multilateral Trade Negotiations (K4603 1987.A4 1999), nachdruck der Ergebnisse der Uruguay Round multilaterale Handelsverhandlungens: Die Rechtstexte (Perkins/Bostock Ref. JZ5185 . R478 1994) and in Uruguay`s multilateral trade round (online and in the microform room, submitted to the GATT Documents, PrEx 9.2:your 8/13). The text is also available online on the WTO website. Two of the most important agreements are the General Agreement on Trade in Services (GATS), 33 I.L.M. 44 (1994) (December 1993) and 1869 UNTS 183, 33 I.L.M 1167 (1994) (April 1994) and the Agreement on Trade-Related Intellectual Property (TRIPS), 33 I.L.M. 81 (1994) (December 1993) and 1869 UNTS 299, 33 L.M 1197 (1994) (April 1994). GATT acted de facto as an organization, held eight roundtables on various trade issues and resolved international trade disputes. The Uruguay Round, concluded on 15 December 1993 after seven years of negotiations, resulted in an agreement between 117 countries (including the United States) to remove trade barriers and create broader and more applicable rules on world trade. The agreement resulting from this round, the final act on the outcomes of the multilateral trade negotiations of the Uruguay Round, was signed in April 1994. The Uruguay Round Agreement was approved and implemented by the US Congress in December 1994 and came into force on 1 January 1995. The growth of international trade has led to a complex and increasingly broad primary law, including international treaties and agreements, national legislation and trade dispute settlement jurisprudence.
This research guide focuses primarily on the multilateral trading system managed by the World Trade Organization. It also contains information on regional and bilateral trade agreements, including those involving the United States. The General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (GATT), signed in 1947, is a multilateral agreement governing trade between 153 countries. According to its preamble, the AIM of the GATT is to “substantially reduce tariffs and other trade barriers and eliminate preferences on a reciprocal and mutually beneficial basis.” Therefore, if the list of authorized sources is lowered to Rule 21.4.5 (a) (i), the list is as follows: N.-T.S., The Marrakesh Agreement appeared in 1867 in U.N.T.S. 154 and 1868 and 1869 in volumes U.N.T.S. Rule 21.4.5 (a) (ii) authorizes the citation to U.N.T.S., if it did not appear in an official source of the American treaty, as is the case here.