Bilateral Agreement Between India And Australia
On Thursday, India and Australia strengthened their relationship with a comprehensive strategic partnership and strengthened their two-and-a-half dialogue on foreign affairs and defence at a virtual summit between Prime Minister Narendra Modi and his counterpart Scott Morrison at ministerial level. The teams of both countries have been among the best in the world for many years and have often met on the hockey field. India dominated the sport of world hockey between 1928 and 1956, with the men`s team winning six consecutive Olympic gold medals. The women`s team won gold at the 2002 Commonwealth Games, the Afro-Asian Games in 2003 and the Asian Cup in 2004. Australia has had success since the late 1970s, with the men`s and women`s teams winning gold medals at the Olympic Games, World Championships, Champions Trophy and Commonwealth Games. Regarding the joint declaration on a common vision of cooperation in the marine area, he added: “We share an ocean and we also share responsibility for this ocean – its health, its well-being [and] the security and relationship we form around these maritime issues is the platform for so many other things between our countries.” In recent years, our defence relations have developed with a series of strategic dialogue forums and regular interactions between our respective departments through visits, interviews and training exchanges. On June 4, 2020, India and Australia signed an agreement on access to each other`s military bases to facilitate joint military exercises. The so-called reciprocity agreement allows each country to use the other country`s bases for refuelling and maintenance of naval aircraft and ships.  The agreement was reached on a virtual summit between Prime Ministers Narendra Modi and Scott Morrison because of the COVID 19 pandemic.
 Formal negotiations for the ECSC began in 2011 and continued in 2014, when Prime Ministers Abbott and Modi renewed the two countries` commitment to a rapidly balanced and mutually beneficial agreement. In April 2015, then-Australian Trade Minister Andrew Robb visited India. Prime Minister Narendra Modi held his first virtual bilateral summit on June 4, hoping to strengthen the strategic partnership with Australia in the context of China`s repeated efforts to intensify aggression in the Indo-Pacific region. The summit is also taking place amid new tensions between China and Australia over Canberra`s request for a global investigation into the origin of the coronavirus.  Prime Minister Scott Morrison also made “ScoMosas” and at their virtual summit they even held discussions to strengthen their military alliance. The two sides also presented a “common vision of maritime cooperation in the Indo-Pacific” and signed seven agreements that focused on crucial areas such as defence and rare metal minerals. On the other side of trade, Australia is also an increasingly important target for Indian exports in value terms. Although this figure has increased over the past decade, India`s exports to Australia declined between 1990 and 2007 as a percentage of India`s total exports.
In 2015-16, the total value of trade between Australia and India was AUD 19.4 billion, a significant increase over the previous decade. Australian exports included coal, vegetables and gold, and Indian exports included refined oil, medicines and business services.  Relations between Australia and India began immediately after the European colonization of Australia in 1788. When the New South Wales Penal Colony was established, all trade to and from the colony was controlled by the British East India Company, although this was widely flouted.  A first ship built in India from Calcutta was caught with its cargo of rum off Tasmania at airtime, and the crew (including 12 Indian Lascars) made a voyage in 1796 AD, rowing first with a long boat, then a long trek from Tasmania to Sydney, surviving only one Indian sailor and two brita sailors